PHILIPPINE FISHERIES PROFILE 2016
As 2016 ends, a yearly report on various data on fisheries was compiled and prepared by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources for the fishing sector under the Department of Agriculture. A continuous data on fish production, export and import, and other fisheries information relevant to the fishing industry were presented for this handbook.
We gratefully and sincerely thank the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), the Food and Nutrition Research Institute under the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) as well as other agencies for their assistance and untiring support provided to us.
COMMODORE EDUARDO B. GONGONA PCG (Ret)
Undersecretary for Fisheries / BFAR Director
The following Philippine Fisheries Profile can be Download in PDF format:
World Scenario: Philippine Fisheries
- In 2014, the Philippines ranked 8th among the top fish producing countries in the world with its total production of 4.7 million metric tons of fish, crustaceans, mollusks, and aquatic plants (including seaweeds). The production constitutes 2.4% of the total world production of 195.7 million metric tons (FAO website).
- The Philippines’ 0.788 million metric tons aquaculture production of fish, crustaceans and mollusks in 2014 ranked 11th in the world and a 1.07% share to the total global aquaculture production of 73.8 million metric tons. In terms of value, the country’s aquaculture production of fish, crustaceans and mollusks has amounted to over 1.17 billion dollars (FAO website).
- Similarly, the Philippines is the world’s 3rd largest producer of aquatic plants (including seaweeds) having produced a total of 1.55 million metric tons or nearly 5.67% of the total world production of 27.31 million metric tons (FAO website).
Contribution to National Economy, 2016
- The fishing industry’s contribution to the country’s Gross Domestic Products (GDP) were 1.3 % and 1.5% at current and constant 2000 prices, respectively. This translates to some P184.8 billion for current prices and P122.9 billion for constant prices of the country’s GDP of P14,481 billion (current prices) and P8,126 billion (constant prices).
- The industry also accounted for 13.2% (P184.8 billion) and 17.3% (P122.9 billion) of the Gross Value Added (GVA) in Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing Group of P1,398 billion and P710 billion at current and constant prices, respectively, the largest share next to agricultural crops.
Employment in the Fishing Industry
- The industry employed a total of 1,614,368 fishing operators nationwide (NSO 2002 Census for Fisheries) of which the municipal fisheries sector accounted for more than one million (1,371,676) operators while the commercial and aquaculture sectors added some 16,497 and 226,195 operators, respectively.
Performance of the Fishing Industry
- Total volume of fisheries production in the Philippines from January to December 2016 reached 4,355,792.6 metric tons. Fisheries production drop down by (13%) from 5 million metric tons in CY 2012 to 4.35 million metric tons in CY 2016. Average annual production growth rate within that period was registered at (2.6%). In terms of value, the 2016 fisheries production was valued at 228.9 billion pesos as compared with the 237.7 billion pesos in 2012, an average yearly increment of 0.44 billion pesos.
- The 2016 fisheries production also showed a slight decrease of 6.31% from the previous year’s production of 4.6 million metric tons. The 2016 production was valued at 229 billion pesos.
- The annual performance of the fishing industry was attributed to the production of the three (3) sectors. The commercial sector decreased in production of 2.04% (1.08 million MT) as compared to last year’s production of 1.08 million MT while the aquaculture sector is 6.27% (2.20 million MT) higher than the previous year’s level (2.35 million MT) followed by the municipal sector with –6.46 % (1.14 million MT).
- At the regional level, the Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) registered the highest production among all regions with its 18.9% or 824,315 metric tons share to the total fisheries production, where seaweed was the major commodity produced followed by Region IV-B (MIMAROPA) with a 12.8% share or 555,367 metric tons. Region IX recorded an output of 482,791 metric tons or 11.1% to the total fisheries production.
- In terms of value, the industry has contributed P229 billion in 2016 as compared to P242 billion in 2015. The top three (3) regions were Region III with P30.78 billion, followed by Region XII with P21.9 billion and Region VI-A with P20.49 billion.
- The Aquaculture fisheries sub-sector contributed the highest value of about P 91.14 billion or 40 %. Next is municipal fisheries sub-sector with a total production of P 78.93 billion. Total fish caught by marine fishermen was valued at P71.1 billion while inland fisheries production was valued at P7.79 billion. The commercial sub-sector contributed P64.89 billion or 27% to the total fishery output.
Fisheries Export and Import Performance
- Foreign trade performance of the fishery industry in 2015 registered a net surplus of 475 million dollars - total export value of 950 million US dollars and import value of 475 million US dollars.
- Export volume decreased by 12.5 % from 226,821 MT in 2015 to 257,219 MT in 2016. The three major export commodities (tuna, seaweeds, shrimp/prawn,) combined for 59% (152,385 MT) of the total export volume (257,219 MT) and 56% (US$ 532,861 million) of the total export value US$ 950 million in 2016.
- Tuna remained as the top export commodity with a collective volume of 103,543 MT for fresh/chilled/frozen, smoked/dried, and canned tuna products valued at US $ 283million. Canned tuna, though, constitutes bulk of tuna products being exported. In general, tuna export is down by 6% in terms of volume and lower in terms of value, (3.67) % than the previous year. Major markets for this commodity include USA, Japan and United Kingdom.
- Seaweeds came 2nd on export value which fell from (0.2%) US$ 202 million in 2015 to US$ 198 million in 2015 or 21% share to the total export earnings for that year. Carrageenan remains the major product being shipped abroad comprising 96% of the total seaweed export value in pesos. USA, China and France are among the major markets for Philippine seaweed products.
- Shrimp/Prawn ranked 3rd with a total contribution of US$ 51 million to the total export value, lower than last years’ export earnings of US$ 35 million. Most of the shrimps/prawns are exported in fresh/chilled/frozen form with a total value of US$ 47 million or 92% of the total shrimp/prawn export revenue. The 2016 shrimp/prawn exports decreased by 64% in volume (MT) and value of 64% USD from the previous year’s export. Japan, USA and France are among the major destination of shrimp/prawn products.
- Other major fishery exports e.g. crabs/crab fats, octopus, lapulapu, cuttlefish/squid, ornamental fish, roundscad and sea cucumber constitute 22% or US$ 208 million of the total US$ 950 million export revenues. Other commodities accounted for the remaining 22% of the total export value/earnings.
- Among the major destination of Philippine fish and fishery product exports (in terms of value) with percentage share are USA, 9%; Japan, 6.5%; Germany ,2%; Hong Kong 2.4%; UK, 1.9%; Spain, 1.4% ; South Korea, 0.9%, , Taiwan (ROC) 1.8%, Netherlands, 0.6%, and China, Rep of 2.4%; . Other countries have a cumulative share of 30%.
- Fifty two percent of the total import value for 2016 was contributed by three major commodities: 59% in chilled/frozen fish, 2.6 % in prawn feeds, ; as well as flour, meals and pellets of fish, crustaceans, and mollusks fit and unfit for human consumption, 2.4%. These commodities have an aggregated value of US$ 305 million out of the US$ 475 million total import value.
- Prawn feeds were mostly sourced from Taiwan, (ROC) 0.2%; Vietnam, 2.3%; Thailand, 0.8% , Malaysia, 0.002%, with a total of $ 12.6 million on import value.
- Chilled/frozen fish comprise of tuna, mackerel and sardines with a total of US$ 281 million . Tuna has an import value of US $188 million, the largest among the three major import with a share of 41%. These were mostly supplied by Papua New Guinea 13 %; Taiwan (ROC) 11%; China, 4.7%, Korea, 5% and Japan, 2.3%. Other fishery imports include mackerel, 18.5% and sardines 1%.
- In terms of value, in general, the Philippine fishery imports originated from the following major countries: China, 27%; Indonesia, 1%; Taiwan (ROC), 8%; Papua New Guinea, 15%; Vietnam, 15%; Japan 5% ; Norway, 2% Korea, 5%; USA, 2%; and Singapore 1%. Other countries contributed 18% to the total import value of fish and fishery products.
|I.||FISHERY RESOURCES||V.||COMMERCIAL FISHERIES PRODUCTION|
|II.||FISHERIES CONTRIBUTION TO THE ECONOMY||VI.||EXTERNAL TRADE|
|III.||AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION||VII||OTHER FISHERIES INFORMATION|
|IV.||MUNICIPAL FISHERIES PRODUCTION|
List of Publications:
Philippine Fisheries Profile