PHILIPPINE FISHERIES PROFILE 2015
COMMODORE EDUARDO B. GONGONA PCG (Ret)
Undersecretary for Fisheries / BFAR Director
The following Philippine Fisheries Profile can be Download in PDF format:
World Scenario: Philippine Fisheries
- In 2014, the Philippines ranked 8th among the top fish producing countries in the world with its total production of 4.7 million metric tons of fish, crustaceans, mollusks, and aquatic plants (including seaweeds). The production constitutes 2.4% of the total world production of 195.7 million metric tons (FAO website).
- The Philippines’ 0.788 million metric tons aquaculture production of fish, crustaceans and mollusks in 2014 ranked 11th in the world and a 1.07% share to the total global aquaculture production of 73.8 million metric tons. In terms of value, the country’s aquaculture production of fish, crustaceans and mollusks has amounted to over 1.17 billion dollars (FAO website).
- Similarly, the Philippines is the world’s 3rd largest producer of aquatic plants (including seaweeds) having produced a total of 1.55 million metric tons or nearly 5.67% of the total world production of 27.31 million metric tons (FAO website).
Contribution to National Economy, 2015
- The fishing industry’s contribution to the country’s Gross Domestic Products (GDP) were 1.5 % and 1.7% at current and constant 2000 prices, respectively. This translates to some P195.7 billion for current prices and P128.1 billion for constant prices of the country’s GDP of P13,285 billion (current prices) and P7,580 billion (constant prices).
- The industry also accounted for 14.3% (P195.7 billion) and 17.8% (P128.1 billion) of the Gross Value Added (GVA) in Agriculture, Hunting, Forestry and Fishing Group of P1,364 billion and P719.3 billion at current and constant prices, respectively, the largest share next to agricultural crops.
Employment in the Fishing Industry
- The industry employed a total of 1,614,368 fishing operators nationwide (NSO 2002 Census for Fisheries) of which the municipal fisheries sector accounted for more than one million (1,371,676) operators while the commercial and aquaculture sectors added some 16,497 and 226,195 operators, respectively.
Performance of the Fishing Industry
- Total volume of fisheries production in the Philippines from January to December 2015 reached 4,649,313 metric tons. Fisheries production drop down by (8.7%) from 5 million metric tons in CY 2010 to 4.7 million metric tons in CY 2015. Average annual production growth rate within that period was registered at (1.4%). In terms of value, the 2015 fisheries production was valued at 240 billion pesos as compared with the 224.7 billion pesos in 2011, an average yearly increment of 1.8 billion pesos.
- The 2015 fisheries production also showed a slight decrease of 0.9% from the previous year’s production of 4.7 million metric tons. The 2015 production was valued at 240 billion pesos.
- The annual performance of the fishing industry was attributed to the production of the three (3) sectors. The commercial sector decreased in production of 2.04% (1.08 million MT) as compared to last year’s production of 1.11 million MT while the aquaculture sector is 0.45% (2.35 million MT) higher than the previous year’s level (2.34 million MT) followed by the municipal sector with –2.23 % (1.22 million MT).
- At the regional level, the Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) registered the highest production among all regions with its 18.7% or 867,272 metric tons share to the total fisheries production, where seaweed was the major commodity produced followed by Region IV-B (MIMAROPA) with a 12.7% share or 588,277 metric tons. Region IX recorded an output of 583,404 metric tons or 12.5% to the total fisheries production.
- In terms of value, the industry has contributed P240 billion in 2015 as compared to P242 billion in 2014. The top three (3) regions were Region III with P31.17 billion, followed by Region XII with P24.55 billion and Region VI-A with P21.69 billion.
- The Aquaculture fisheries sub-sector contributed the highest value of about P 93.34 billion or 39 %. Next is municipal fisheries sub-sector with a total production of P 81.49 billion. Total fish caught by marine fishermen was valued at P71.7 billion while inland fisheries production was valued at P9.77 billion. The commercial sub-sector contributed P64.89 billion or 27% to the total fishery output.
Fisheries Export and Import Performance
- Foreign trade performance of the fishery industry in 2015 registered a net surplus of 511 million dollars - total export value of 943 million US dollars and import value of 432 million US dollars.
- Export volume decreased by 20 % from 336,863 MT in 2014 to 252,143 MT in 2015. The three major export commodities (tuna, seaweeds, shrimp/prawn,) combined for 61% (153,667 MT) of the total export volume (252,143 MT) and 57% (US$ 540,123 million) of the total export value US$ 943 million in 2015.
- Tuna remained as the top export commodity with a collective volume of 104,984 MT for fresh/chilled/frozen, smoked/dried, and canned tuna products valued at US $ 296million. Canned tuna, though, constitutes bulk of tuna products being exported. In general, tuna export is down by 11% in terms of volume and lower in terms of value, (33) % than the previous year. Major markets for this commodity include USA, Japan and United Kingdom.
- Seaweeds came 2nd on export value which fell from (0.5%) US$ 264 million in 2014 to US$ 208 million in 2015 or 22% share to the total export earnings for that year. Carrageenan remains the major product being shipped abroad comprising 90% of the total seaweed export value in pesos. USA, China and France are among the major markets for Philippine seaweed products.
- Shrimp/Prawn ranked 3rd with a total contribution of US$ 36 million to the total export value, lower than last years’ export earnings of US$ 120 million. Most of the shrimps/prawns are exported in fresh/chilled/frozen form with a total value of US$ 33 million or 91% of the total shrimp/prawn export revenue. The 2015 shrimp/prawn exports decreased by 27.7% in volume (MT) and value of 69% USD from the previous year’s export. Japan, USA and France are among the major destination of shrimp/prawn products.
- Other major fishery exports e.g. crabs/crab fats, octopus, lapulapu, cuttlefish/squid, ornamental fish, roundscad and sea cucumber constitute 20% or US$ 190 million of the total US$ 943 million export revenues. Other commodities accounted for the remaining 23% of the total export value/earnings.
- Among the major destination of Philippine fish and fishery product exports (in terms of value) with percentage share are USA, 24%; Japan, 13%; Germany , 6%; Hong Kong 9%; UK, 3.6%; Spain, 3.3% ; South Korea, 1.9%, , Taiwan (ROC) 3.7%, Netherlands, 2.1%, and China, Rep of 4.8%; . Other countries have a cumulative share of 28%.
- Fifty two percent of the total import value for 2015 was contributed by three major commodities: 56% in chilled/frozen fish, 1.6 % in prawn feeds, ; as well as flour, meals and pellets of fish, crustaceans, and mollusks fit and unfit for human consumption, 2.9%. These commodities have an aggregated value of US$ 259 million out of the US$ 432 million total import value.
- Prawn feeds were mostly sourced from Taiwan, (ROC) 0.3%; Vietnam, 1.1%; Thailand, 0.1% , Malaysia, 0.02%, and USA, 0.03%; with a total of $ 6.8 million on import value.
- Chilled/frozen fish comprise of tuna, mackerel and sardines with a total of US$ 240 million . Tuna has an import value of US $177 million, the largest among the three major import with a share of 41%. These were mostly supplied by Papua New Guinea 13 %; Taiwan (ROC) 11%; China, 4.7%, Korea, 5.9% and Japan, 1.2%. Other fishery imports include mackerel, 13.4% and sardines 1.2%.
- In terms of value, in general, the Philippine fishery imports originated from the following major countries: China, 24%; Indonesia, 2%; Taiwan (ROC), 12%; Papua New Guinea, 13%; Vietnam, 13%; Japan 6% ; Norway, 3% Korea, 8%; USA, 4%; and Denmark 1%. Other countries contributed 18% to the total import value of fish and fishery products.
|I.||FISHERY RESOURCES||V.||COMMERCIAL FISHERIES PRODUCTION|
|II.||FISHERIES CONTRIBUTION TO THE ECONOMY||VI.||EXTERNAL TRADE|
|III.||AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION||VII||OTHER FISHERIES INFORMATION|
|IV.||MUNICIPAL FISHERIES PRODUCTION|
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Philippine Fisheries Profile