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Vol. 4 Issue No.2 Third Qtr 2011
Department of Agriculture
Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources

Plan of Action on Sustainable Fisheries for Food Security for the ASEAN Region Towards 2020
Mr. Nguyen Viet Manh, Directorate of Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development confer with Dir. Perez during the Senior Officers Meeting in Thailand.

On the occasion of the ASEAN-SEAFDEC Conference on Sustainable Fisheries for Food Security Towards 2020: Fish for the People 2020 "Adaptation to a Changing Environment", the Senior Officials of ASEAN-SEAFDEC Members Countries met in Bangkok, Thailand on 16 June 2011.

Guided by the Resolution on sustainable Fisheries for Food Security for the ASEAN Region Towards 2020, and the need to enhance collaboration among government agencies that have responsibility for fisheries and fisheries-related issues in order to harmonize policies, plans and activities that support sustainable fisheries, food security and safety at the national and regional levels, the Senior Officials adopted the following Plan of Action on Sustainable Fisheries for Food Security for ASEAN Region Towards 2020 to be used as a guideline to develop programs, projects and activities for the implementation of the resolution.

A. Planning and Information

1. Integrate the planning of marine capture fisheries, inland capture fisheries and aquaculture subsectors to promote the sustainable development of the fisheries sector, including harvesting and post-harvest in both capture fish and aquaculture.
2. Strengthen the capacity to plan for sustainable fisheries in the context of changing socio-economic and ecological through the mobilization of the most up-to-date data and information and the provision of the appropriate policy summaries and decision makers.
3. Strengthen national statistical mechanism for fisheries and aquaculture and the exchange of statistical data and related information. Include other none-routine data and information such as fish consumption surveys as well as mobilizing local and indigenous knowledge with the aim of improving the valuation of fisheries and monitoring their performance, to address the needs of ecosystem approach to fisheries and adaptation to climate change.
4. Enhance the regional fishery information systems and mechanisms to facilitate sharing, exchange and compilation of statistics and information that are required at the sub-regional and regional level and apply, where appropriate, regionally standardized definitions and classifications for statistical data to facilitate regional compilation, analysis and data exchange.
5. Coordinate decentralized and enhance the sharing of relevant statistics and information of fisheries related statistical data and information between the national fisheries and other authorities including those responsible for food security, environment, trade, aquaculture, water resources, aquaculture/forestry, wetlands, migration/employment and rural development.
6. Further develop simple and practical indicators in support of planning and monitoring of sustainable fisheries.

B. Fisheries Management

1. Regularity review, update and strengthening national fisheries policy, legal and institutional frameworks through consultation and engagement of government agencies, the private sector, fishers, civil society and other relevant stakeholders.
2. Accelerate the development of fisheries management plans based on an ecosystem approach, as a basis for fisheries conservation and management.
3. Take measures to prevent unauthorized fishing and eliminate the use of illegal fishing practices by building awareness of their adverse impacts, strengthening law enforcement, development and promoting responsible and selective fishing gears and practices, enforcing regulations and encouraging alternative means of livelihoods.
4. Establish and implement comprehensive policies for an ecosystem approach to fisheries management through effective systems (i) to provide licenses to fish (boats, gears, and people), (ii) for community fishing rights/rights-based fisheries, (iii) that provide for the development of supporting legal and institutional frameworks, (iv) encourage and institutional cooperation, and (v) that aid in streamlining co-management.
5. Adopt co-management at all levels and with all relevant stakeholders in the process of planning and policy formulation for the management, conservation and rehabilitation of habitats and protective geographical features, as well as policy formulation on the use and management of natural and human resources to ensure that climate change responses are integrated into fisheries policy frameworks.
6. Strengthen the capacity of fisheries communities and the capability of fisheries related organizations, NGOs and the private sector to better implement necessary actions towards enabling the communities and local organizations to increase resilience, improve livelihoods, alleviate poverty, adopt alternative livelihoods adapt to climate change in support of achieving sustainable development, and encourage the participation of women and youth groups in the process.
7. Enhance and promote the participation of local communities, fisheries associations and other stakeholders in fisheries management and co- management. In addition, communities should take part in fisheries and stock assessment by providing data, and status of the stocks.
8. Raise awareness of the need to develop financial incentives, especially for small-scale stakeholders and cooperatives, e.g. micro-credit, with national and institutional assistance for the responsible of fisheries enterprises and developmental activities that will optimize socio-economic returns and food security.
9. Increase the efficient use of alternative energy sources and reduce the use of carbon fossil energy by using appropriate fishing gear and fishing boats designs in fishing operations.
10. Encourage good and appropriate employment practices in accordance with domestic laws and regulation.
11. Develop guidelines and enhance capacity of relevant authorities and communities to collaboratively resolve conflict with other stakeholders and with other competing users of resources.
12. Investigate the potential of under-utilized fisheries resources and promote their exploitation in the precautionary manner based upon analysis of the best available scientific information.
13. Enhance joint ASEAN programs to better protect the livelihoods of small-scale producers and for more equitable distributions of benefits gain from intra and extra regional trade of fish and fishery products.
14. Adjust existing programs to take into consideration the effects of climate change, focusing on the programs for (i) managing fisheries and habitats' (ii) reducing capacity and combating illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, (iii) strengthening local organizations, and (iv) promoting safety at sea and other priority areas. Develop indicators and reporting measures to assess how actions of the programs build resilience to climate change.

Marine Fisheries
1. Strengthen regional and national policy and legislation to implement measures and activities to combat IUU fishing, and promote the awareness and understanding of international and regional instruments and agreements through information dissemination campaigns.
2. Established and strengthen regional and sub-regional coordination on fisheries management and efforts to combat IUU fishing including the development of regional/sub-regional Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) networks.
3. Facilitate consultative dialogue among fisheries legal officers to share, at the sub-regional/regional level, perspectives of the respective legal and regulatory framework in terms of developing MCS-networks and to implement efforts to combating IUU fishing.
4. Build up capacity among Member Countries, including functions for regional and sub-regional cooperation, to effectively meet the requirements of port state measures and flag state responsibilities.
5. Conduct research on the impacts of various gear types and methods, including light fishing, trawls and push nets, on ecosystems and populations of aquatic animals and also the effects of fishing vessels discharges and waste disposal on marine ecosystems, to promote the use of selective fishing gears and sustainable devices.
6. Take reference from FAO International Guidelines on Managing By-catch and Reducing Discards, where applicable, to identify and find solutions to ASEAN by-catch problems, including the excessive catch juvenile fish.
7. Optimize the use of inshore waters through resource enhancement programs such as promoting the installation of artificial reefs and structures, encouraging coordinated and effective planning for costal fisheries management programs, undertaking environment impact assessment studies, restocking of commercially important fish species, as appropriate, and give priority to human resources development for the implementation of such programs.
8. Ensure the inclusion of fisheries objectives and the management plans if future Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and promote the adoption and use of refugia concept in the line with the ASEAN/SEAFDEC Regional Guideline on the use of Fisheries Refugia in Capture Fisheries Management. Where appropriate.
9. Recognizing the different management approaches that are required, sustainably manage major critical coastal habitats, such as mangroves, coral reefs and sea grass; and develop and disseminate information and guidance on appropriate tools and interventions.

(to be continued)




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